Alexandria

This legendary city founded by Alexander the Great 332 BC is located on the Mediterranean coast. Alexandria was the center of Hellenistic culture and the capital of Alexander the great successor the Ptolemy. Cleopatra the last of the Ptolemy's lived here and her entire life had room with Julius Caesar and Marcus Antonius. During this time the famous library was built with over a million rolls. After the Ptolemy the Romans came here and during their time the Christianity was influenced by the role of the strong Coptic Church in Alexandria. Pharaoh's lighthouse One of the seven wonders of the ancient world Pharaoh's lighthouse was here until the 13th century. On the lighthouses ruins Qayt Bay Fort was built in the 1400s. From here you have a wonderful view of the sea and the city. Katakomber and the Roman Theater In Alexandria there are also catacombs in Kom el Shouqafa from the first and second centuries. The underground grave plant consists of three floors that according to the custom have mixed ancient Egyptian architecture with Greek and Roman. Still today you can find ancient remains including the amphitheater Roman theater discovered in 1964 when they were to build a new post office in central Alexandria. The entire area is still under archaeological excavations. In the ocean beyond there are still archaeological finds including the rest of Pharaoh's lighthouse. The old districts In the old parts of Alexandria stands a 27 meter long column of red Aswan granite Pompeijus pillar. Here is also the Coptic Cathedral St Markus which is considered to be the first national church in the world. Here the Coptic patriarchs were sitting during Christianity. Bibliotheca Alexandria 2002 Bibliotheca Alexandria opened. The architectural competition won the Norwegian architectural firm Snöhetta. The building has markings from all the world's writings and alphabet and also has many symbols from Pharaoh Egypt. In Alexandria there is also the Swedish Institute located in a beautiful building on the Corniche road.