Aswan the third largest city in Egypt and the largest in Upper Egypt is located at the foot of the Nile Valley at the northern end of Lake Nasser. It is an important mining site for aluminum and iron; It is also a favorite spot for tourists as it is a major stop for cruise ships for the Nile and Lake Nasser. It has a local market which is a great place to do your holiday shopping; This is especially true if you want spices as you will find the best types of fresh spices here.
Aswan is the capital of its own governorate and has about 1.2 million inhabitants. Most of them are Nubians and local Kenzo tribes.
After the construction of the High Dam the city became a haven for Nubians who chose to flee to Egypt after the waters flooded their homelands becoming the global campaign to rescue Nubian monuments during and after its construction.
Aswan takes its name from the ancient Egyptian word "Swan" which means "the market". This is because it was located on the main trade route between Egypt and the southern lands bringing gold slaves and ivory to Egypt. The governors of the 6th Dynasty sent many expeditions to explore the many African countries to the south and most of them left Aswan. It was also the main source of granite sandstone and quartzite used in the construction of various monuments across Egypt.
map of Aswan
In ancient times the city worshiped the god Khnum but was later replaced by the goddess Isis goddess of magic and motherhood in the Greco-Roman era. A temple was built for her on the island of Philae which had to be moved along with other structures when the waters of Lake Nasser engulfed the island. Although still known as "Temples of Philae" they are now accessible on the neighboring island of Agilika.
Because of the location of Aswan just north of the Tropic of Cancer the city has a warm climate throughout the year and it is advisable to cover your head by walking and drinking water constantly. . Aswan is located 890 km south of Cairo and 220 km south of Luxor. It is the third most popular place to visit in Egypt behind Cairo and Luxor and is accessible in many ways.
The population of Aswan governorate is about 1.2 million and includes mainly Nubians and local Kenzo tribes. The city became very important after the construction of the High Dam and the global rescue campaign of Nubian monuments during and after its construction.
Aswan is derived from the ancient Egyptian word Swan which means "the market"! It was located on the main trade route between Egypt and the southern lands where gold slaves and ivory passed through Egypt. The governors of the 6th Dynasty sent many expeditions to explore the many African countries to the south and most of them left Aswan! It was also the main source of granite sandstone and quartzite used in the construction of various monuments across Egypt!
In ancient times the god Khoum was the major god of the city but in later periods the goddess Isis goddess of magic and motherhood became the main god with a temple built for her in Philae.
Because of the location of Aswan just north of the Tropic of Cancer the city enjoys a very hot climate all year long! It is advisable to cover your head while walking and drink water constantly.
How to get to Aswan:
By the road
Although Assouan is connected by road to Cairo and has a good bus network with the capital tourists are advised not to use this means of transport for this trip and are therefore left only with the train or the flight . The Luxor route can be used as it gives the opportunity to visit sites such as Edfu and Kom Ombo. Please note: If you intend to use this mode of transportation it is best to book your seats at least 24 hours in advance to ensure you get the seats you want.
The Aswan International Airport is located 25 km southwest of the city and can be reached from most countries of the world although like Luxor it is the most popular for charter flights. From here you can also fly to most major cities and towns in Egypt as well as arrive from them. EgyptAir operates daily flights from Cairo to Aswan as well as from Aswan to Cairo which takes on average about 60 minutes. It is also possible to book flights to Abu Simbel but this must bedone in advance. By train: Aswan is the terminus of Cairo\'s main line in Aswan and has a modern train station at the north end of the city. Services in Cairo and Luxor are very frequent although restrictions on tourists are in place at the moment allowing them to use only night service or trains on either side. In Cruise Nowadays you can only go to Luxor by cruise ship. The Nile has not been used for cruises between Cairo and Aswan since the late 1990s. Another popular cruise is the one on Lake Nasser which gives the only way to visit some of the ancient monuments of Nubia. You can also attend the wonderful Son et Lumière show at the Philae Temple; the schedules are listed below. Sound and light shows in Philae.