Bahariya Oasis

Bahariya Oasis
Farming is still an important source of income but it\'s not easy to find jobs for many Wahati people. There is also an increase in tourism because of antiquities (tombs mummies and other artifacts have been discovered there) and because of the beautiful surrounding deserts. Wahati and foreign guides and sometimes to Siwa or the Southern Oases. Tourism is a new and important source of income for locals and it has brought international presence to the oasis. [3]

History
The depression was populated since the neolithic even if there is no archaeological evidence to all times. In el-Haiz a prehistoric settlement site of hunter-gatherers was found with grindstones arrowheads scrapers chisels and ostrich eggshells. In Qārat el-Abyaḍ a Czech team led by Miroslav Bárta discovered a settlement of the Old Kingdom. [4] Rock entries in El-Harrah and other records date to the Middle Kingdom and upwards. [5] [6] The tomb of Amenho tep called Huy was erected in Qarat Hilwah at the end of the 18th dynasty. [7] In the 26th dynasty the depression was culturally and economically flourishing. This can be learned from the chapels in \'Ain el-Muftilla the tombs in Qārat Qasr Salim and Qarat esh-Sheikh Subi [8] and the site of Qasr\' Allam. [9] A newly flourishing time occurs at the Greek-Roman time. There is the ruin of a temple to Alexander the Great located in Qasr el-Miqisba (\'Ain and Tibniya). [10] It is believed by some Egyptologists that the Greek conqueror passed through Bahariya while returning from the oracle of Ammon at Siwa Oasis. Excavations of the Greco-Roman Necropolis Founded in 1995 [11] and known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies which began in 1999. Approximately thirty-four tombs have been excavated from this area. [12] In Roman times a big military fort was erected at Qarat el-Toub. [13] In the spring of 2010 a Roman-era mummy was unearthed in a Bahariya Oasis Cemetery in El-Harrah. The 3-foot-tall female mummy was found covered with plaster decorated to resemble Roman dress and jewelry. In addition to the female mummy archaeologists found clay and glass vessels corners anthropoid masks and 14 Greco-Roman tombs. Director of Cairo and Giza Antiquities Mahmoud Affifi the archaeologist who led the dig said the tomb has a unique design with stairways and corridors and could date to 300 BC. This find as a result of excavation work for the construction of a youth center. [14] Carcharodontosaurus and Bahariasaurus (meaning "Bahariya lizard") dinosaurs have been found in the Bahariya Formation which date to about 95 million years ago. It was a huge theropod it was described by Ernst Stromer in 1934 [15] though the specimen was destroyed during World War II in 1944. In 2000 an American scientific team conducted by Joshua Smith found the remains of this type of dinosaur the Paralititan stromeri. [16] Modernity Workaday Life in Bawiti Bahariya Oasis During World War I Baharia Military Railway was built to provide access to the oasis. The oasis has changed drastically in the past 30 years after an asphalt road connecting Bahariya to Cairo was finished in the early 70s. With the new road came electricity cars television phone lines a more accessible road to Cairo and latterly the Internet. The spread of people and ideas between Bahariya and Cairo has grown dramatically since the road was constructed. Also the language of the people is changed and influenced in new ways by the Cairene dialect is heard on television and in music. [3]