The Sinai is located in the border
area between Africa and Asia and has been a strategic defense point at several
occasions. Between 1967–1973 the area was occupied by Israel but was returned
to Egypt through the Camp David agreement. The landscape is very mountainous
and here you can find mineral and precious stones. Most of the population
consists of Bedouins. In the middle of the Sinai desert is St Catherine
monastery where a number of Greek Orthodox monks live today. The monastery was
built in the 400’s BC and contains beautiful paintings and mosaics. Here is
also a chapel which was built beside the bush that according to the legend was
the burning bush of Moses. On the way to the chapel you can see impressive
mountains Bedouin camps small oasis’s and even wild camels. Behind the
monastery is the mountain Sinai which is holy for Christians Jews and Muslims.
The mountain is 2285 meters high and is the mountain that Moses must have
received the Ten Commandments. Many of the most known seaside resorts in Egypt
are located on Sinai. This is because the water around Sinai offers some of the
world’s best coral reefs. The southern point of Sinai is a protected national
park which is called Ras Mohamed. Read more under the title The Red Sea.
Nature has created some of the world’s most magnificent rock formations in the mountains of Sinai.
A variation of sandstone limestone granite and stripes of basalt creates the most incredible colors in an otherwise barren landscape. You can make trips here from either Sharm el Sheik or Dahab.
The red sea got its name from the red mountains situated nearby. The water is crystal-clear and here you will find one of the world’s best places for diving with amazing coral reefs and a rich animal life. The sun is shining 360 days of the year which make it a perfect destination in the winter. On the west side of the Red Sea is Africa’s coast and on the east side Sinai.